The problem of the US airport service investment and air tickets costs

Failure to invest in air traffic control seem to bring decrease in cheap air tickets

As Americans, we have a problem with the need to pay taxes. We seem to believe that caring commercial organizations will solve all our problems without the need for us to pay a government to provide a basic infrastructure. Sadly, this is completely unrealistic. Organizations that exist to make a profit are not interested in giving free access to services. If we do not pay modest taxes, we will end up paying higher commercial charges for the same services. As an example of the problem, let's look at the failure to invest in air traffic control. We're rapidly reaching the point where the controllers cannot safely manage the traffic. The result is increasing delays in scheduling take-off and landing slots. Unless something dramatic is done to increase capacity, delays will increase significantly. At first, this is likely to affect only those holding cheap flight tickets. For historical reasons, the air traffic system gives priority to the larger legacy airlines, so the discount and budget carriers will find it difficult to get slots at the major hubs.

As to the design or airports, we're already experiencing serious delays because of the increased levels of security. If airports are expected to operate at peak levels for more hours in the day, this will need major redesign and significant increases in the number of trained staff. In turn, this will force up prices for the use of airports. Yet there are no signs of any willingness to make the necessary investments. With Washington focused on reducing the deficit, it's difficult to see how funds can be diverted to air transport when there are obvious shortages and problems in other equally important public services. Air travel is not considered a public service in need of government support when put alongside health care and education.

Will cheap air tickets decline?

The situation is worse at state level where the local deficits are forcing some cities into bankruptcy. Without major increases in the level of taxes collected and adequate investment, the national air traffic control system will struggle to perform even at current levels, and it will also fail to match the more sophisticated systems operated in Europe. Cheaper ticket deals will decline as delays increase - only a higher ticket price guarantees arrival at the destination on time in a capitalist country.

Cheap air tickets and European travel for the disabled

The Europeans are very precise in the way they think about rights. If there's a single market, there should be one set of rules. If there's one set of rules, it should apply equally to all citizens no matter whether they are disabled or their mobility is restricted in some way. Opportunities for travel should not be denied people because they are disabled. Except. . . There are always exceptions. In this case, it comes down to questions of practicality and safety, so we need to explain carefully how the rules are designed to work. Before an airline or travel agent accepts a booking from a person with a disability or some form of limit to their mobility, there's a duty to identify any problems likely to occur. This is not something that should arise when the disabled individual arrives at the airport. If proper notice is given in advance of potential problems, refusal to allow boarding will be considered a breach of contract and entitle a full refund plus the award of compensation. This applies whether this was full-price or cheap air tickets are involved, and whether this is flight only or part of a package holiday or tour.

This duty to accommodate the disabled does not just apply to the airline. It also applies to the airport operator which should provide properly designed access and trained staff. This should not be separately charged. Societies should be inclusive and not discriminate against individuals on the ground of their disability.

So when can transport be refused? In less common cases, because the disabled individual cannot pass through the aircraft door or something prevents moving through the aircraft to the designated seat. If this proves the case, the carrier must suggest alternatives. This can involve requiring a second individual accompany the disabled person to offer help and support. If a person with limited sight has an assistance dog, all airlines must publish their rules and cannot ignore them when convenient. If the disabled person holds cheap air tickets that involve changing flights, each airport has the legal duty to ensure appropriate arrangements are made to move from one gate to another.

Reviewing the Latest Interior Design News

Whether you are looking for contemporary designs, commercial interior design ideas, modern furniture or historic relics for your home, design news can offer practical ideas. Many people like to know what they are looking for prior to calling the professional interior designer, so they won't get talked into anything they may not want. Generally, the interior designer will be a good listener and communicator, knowledgeable in everything from interior design furniture and lighting to building regulations and kitchen storage space. So what does the moment hold for interior design?

Green building materials, furniture and interior design services are making design headlines all around the world, but particularly in America, in places like Seattle, Portland, New York and Austin. Last year, green building technology found a friend in the money-conscious consumer who was looking to save on his or her energy costs. Traditionally, sustainable design had been seen as "pricey" and "hardly worth it," but now prices have dropped and consumers are beginning to see where pennies can be pinched.

The LEED standard became the predominant licensing agency and Energy Star appliances became mandatory for government buildings in many states. More than 14% of all US cities have some kind of "green real estate" program in place and insurers agree to protect sustainable houses. These breakthroughs are clearing the way for a more responsible and environmentally-friendly society.

While it may sound incredulous, the latest interior design news is that music has been added to the interior design services repertoire. Music/architecture specialists from New York and London to Aspen and Belize are creating customized play lists that are synchronized with their clients' decor. "Hearing the wrong music in the wrong space can be very disorienting," explains DJ Coleman Feltes, who has created mixes for Versace, Gucci and Dolce & Gabbana fashion shows. Stylists charge between $50 and $250 an hour, he says, which is downloaded onto iPods or sent as CDs by mail. For the discerning, high-end clients, atmosphere is everything and the perfect music fits into that paradigm.

Young interior decorators bring their own distinctive visions to the table, according to the latest Baltimore interior design news. For instance, 30-year-old Annie Zemarel Werden, who comes from a background in Italian fashion and landscaping, adores historic items in her professional interior design. "I like to use things that have a sense of history [like an antique mirror], things you find when traveling or antiquing.

I like the charm of an old house," she explains. Ex-history teacher Charlene Lester says that her style isn't flashy but is rather practical in her home designs. She adds, "Given the choice of getting something green that costs a couple of hundred dollars more, most of our clients go green." Italian Expat Fabrizio Fiorini uses "transitional" designs that aren't exactly contemporary but aren't traditional either. He goes for "refreshing, upgrading and renovating," using bold colors and contrasting cold and warm shades.

Interior Design and Interior Decorating - Some Definitions

Interior Decoration and Interior Design, although related disciplines, are different in terms of their application. Interior Decoration is the process of decorating a house with regards to finishes (for example wallpaper and paint, choice of furniture and fittings as well as adding finishing touches and decorations such as paintings and objets d'art. All of this provide a certain "feel" to a house but essentially the underlying structure of the house is not changed.

Interior decoration is normally professionally done by Interior Decorators although recently the trend has been for people to learn about Interior Decorating through various courses or books and then apply the techniques themselves-usually on a shoestring budget. The whole objective of Interior Decorating is to make a house aesthetically pleasing and at the same time, unique, since it should reflect the owner's specific personality and tastes.

Interior design on the other hand is more integrated with the architecture of a building and a professional Interior Designer will work closely with architects and builders to make choices regarding the integral design of the whole house or building. This includes looking at choices with regards to room layout, choice of cabinets and tiles and lots of other design factors. While the Interior Design budget for new developments used to be minimal, it is recognized these days that incorporating Interior Design into the project means the difference between a run-of-the-mill development and one that contributes to the branding and life-style image of the project. The money spent on Interior Design is therefore seen as a worthwhile investment in the whole property development process.

Homeowners are spending more and more to improve their homes. Since it is relatively easy to change the appearance of a house by changing the finishings and fittings a large portion of this money goes into Interior Decorating. The growing popularity in do-it-yourself Interior Decorating has meant that a whole industry around Interior Decorating courses, books and TV Shows have also sprung up, and it has become a popular hobby for married couples. Innovative Interior Decoration ideas, which cost less but at the same time giving the impression of style and class, are in vogue.

Young entrepreneurs have also seen the gap and there is a growing demand for information and courses on how to break into the Interior Design and Interior Decoration Industry. This has also given the home {interior decoration industry a boost.

Although the trend recently is for people to tackle the exciting task of transforming a house themselves, it has to be recognized that this falls more in the area of Interior Decorating. Interior Design still requires study of the context of Interior Design, the theory of good design, knowledge of the technical advances in the engineering industry for both residential as well as commercial buildings and knowledge of the latest trends and advances in the Interior Design industry.

In short, an Interior Design project in which all the elements of design are pulled together is still the ambit of the professional designer who should be able to deliver on projects that extend beyond the boundaries of a hobby pastime.

Interior Design-Budget Kitchen Remodeling Ideas

The past century witnessed the evolution of the function and interior design of the traditional kitchen. It has magically transformed from being a mere service area into a multi-functional room which is central to the family's activities.

Updating the interior design of a kitchen requires a considerably huge budget. Would you believe that five years ago, remodeling an average kitchen can go as high as $26,000? No wonder the National Kitchen and Bath Association consider it to be one of the most expensive remodeling projects undertaken by American homeowners!

Don't despair even if you among the thousands (and perhaps even tens or hundreds of thousands!) of people inspired by the pictures of ideal kitchens featured in glossy magazines but don't have enough funds to undertake a remodeling project. There are several ways to furnish your kitchens with that modern interior design without going broke!

Truth is, updating the interior design and improving the functionality and value of the kitchen do not always need to be expensive. You will be pleasantly surprised at the number ways in which you can cut costs!

Practical Fix-It-Up Ideas

If you are currently financially strapped in, you may consider updating your kitchen's look rather than undertaking a major remodeling project. You may want to consider these low-cost fix-ups in updating the interior design of your kitchen.

Update your lighting. Installing modern lighting fixtures are one of the surest, fastest and most economical ways to boost a kitchen's look and value.

. Halogen lights directed towards the ceiling bounce off to provide indirect working light. They also come with a dimmer so you can adjust the lighting intensity to fit your needs. Brighten it up or tone it down, how you set it is completely up to you!

. Consider installing task lighting. Task lighting mounted to provide efficient lighting in the countertop, the sink and near the cooking area makes preparing dinners a breeze!

. Provide accent lighting. If you want to highlight unique architectural designs, your antique china collection or any items of interest, you may do so by installing accent lighting. This will surely bring the interior design of your kitchen into focus!

Play with paints! Another surefire hit in cutting kitchen remodeling costs is by modernizing its look by splurging on a fresh coat of paint.

. Hesitant to paint stained wooden cabinets? There is absolutely nothing to be afraid of! Painted wooden cabinets are just as good and as efficient as stained ones. Plus, painting them up allows you to get the color and finish that you want for a fraction of the cost!

. Old kitchen appliances can also be given a smarter look. Appliance refinishing companies and automobile repainting shops can indeed give your range, your dishwasher and your refrigerator a brand new appeal!

. Get artistic with your walls! You can get creative and spend your energy in painting your walls for that updated look. Special painting techniques such as sponging, mottling and rag-rolling can definitely work wonders!

Install new moldings. Installing moldings can transform an otherwise unappealing kitchen into a visual delight. What a great and economical way to improve the interior design of your kitchen!

Put sparkle into your kitchen! Heightened visual interest can be achieved by simply installing new knobs and pulls on your cabinets. You may pick anything from the wide choices available since they come in almost all materials and styles imaginable. Cabinet knobs and pulls are available in glass, resin, metal, rubber, stone and wood.

There you have it, some of the most affordable ways to enhance your kitchen's visual appeal and functionality! Now, do you agree with me that updating the interior design of your kitchen does not necessarily have to be such an expensive project after all?

Three Reasons Why Hiring an Interior Designer Might Actually Save You Money

An interior designer or decorator is a professional consultant who can help you make design and space-planning decisions for your home, purchase furniture, manage large-scale renovation projects, or work with you and your architect from the earliest planning stages. The best firms have access to unlimited resources worldwide and offer extensive services that include interior architectural design, lighting design, light fixture selections, plumbing fixture selections, custom millwork design, space planning, materials selections, paint color selections, furniture selections, and window treatment design. The best interior designers spend thousands of hours of research, education and practice to be experts in their field.

There are several important ways working with an interior designer can save you money.

Avoid Costly Mistakes

One of the first ways working with an interior designer can save you money is that you avoid costly mistakes. Most often, the process begins at the start of the overall project - even as the architect is working on the preliminary plans - assisting with space planning and developing preliminary budgets. This is the most effective way a designer can assist a client. In addition to the myriad of details to be considered and all the decisions that must be made, interior decorators know how to organize the project and edit the process. Working on your own without an interior decorator, costly mistakes can be made in the preliminary planning by selecting inappropriate materials, lighting, finishes and furnishings.

Luxury Furniture at Trade Prices

Secondly, many resources are only available to the trade and interior designers purchase from them at wholesale prices. Designers charge a service fee, but the end result is much less than the retail cost.

Eliminate Stress

Let's face it. Designing a home is a stressful process. There are many things to worry about. You can worry about timing, cost, details, the finished product, etc. By managing the entire process for you, interior decorators try to eliminate or minimize the stress, making the whole process easier and more enjoyable for the client.

To speak with one of the best interior designers directly, please visit Hughes Design Associates or call 703-442-3200.

How To Choose An Interior Designer Or Redecorator

What types of professional interior designers are available?

Have you heard of Interior redecorators? These professional interior decorators transform your home using things you have accumulated over the years. The end result is a balanced, harmonious space that reflects the personality of the people who use it. Many interior designers have added this service to their repertoire. Alternate terms for professional interior designers specializing in interior redecorating are interior redesigners, interior arrangers, interior stylists, one day decorators, visual coordinators or interior refiners.

What is a Certified Interior Designer? (from B&P Code Section 5800,5538)

A Certified interior designer is a competent design professional who is qualified to design, prepare, and submit any type of nonstructural, non-seismic interior construction plans and specifications to local building departments. Certified interior designers have demonstrated through education, experience, and examination their knowledge of the Uniform Building Code as it relates to space planning, life safety, flammability, and disabled access code issues. Most interior designers have a minimum four-year education. Many have Master of Interior Design degrees or other additional education in architecture or interior design. Interior designers who have many years experience may not have a Bachelors in Interior Design, but usually are well educated and have many years of qualified experience. All qualified interior designers will indicate that they have passed the NCIDQ (National Council for Interior Design Certification) examination and/or are registered/ certified/ licensed in their state.

How do Interior Decorators charge for their services?

Flat Design Fee: The client pays a flat fee for the professional interior designer's services based on the design plan, time required, and scope of services.

Hourly Rate: The interior decorator bills a negotiated rate per hour.

Cost Plus Method: Professional interior designers charge a set percentage on all merchandise purchased and tradesmen's services rendered.

Mixed Method: The client pays both a set percentage on purchases and a base design fee for hourly rate.

Per square foot: This method is used especially in new construction.

What to ask at the first meeting:

o Ask to see the interior designer's portfolio, but remember that the designs reflect other people's tastes,¬ not necessarily the interior decorator's, and possibly not your own.

o Ask what size projects the interior designer has worked on, where, and what was the budget range.

o Ask how the established budget will be handled, and the kind of payment schedules the interior decorator requires.

o Ask about the types of services the designer can provide.

o Ask for a list of references.

What you may be asked at the first meeting:

It is a good idea to prepare for your first meeting with a professional interior designer by creating your own folder of clippings from magazines, catalogs, and books of design ideas that appeal to you.

You may also be asked some or all of the following questions:

o For whom is the space being designed?

o What activities will take place in the space?

o How long do you plan to occupy the space?

o What is your time frame for completing the project?

o What is your budget?

o Are you relocating or remodeling?

o What image do you want to project?

o What colors, style, and effects do you like?

o What are your objective and lifestyle needs?

o What is the approximate square footage to be designed?

If a professional interior designer, or anyone, for that matter, tells you the process is easy, stress-free, and will be complete in two weeks, they're either lying or stupid. Don't hire that person.

What You Should Known About Interior Design Schools

Getting degrees in interior design is becoming one of the more popular degree options available today and constantly being offered by different colleges and universities. Interior design is regulated in almost 24 states of the United States and anybody who is intent on studying for a degree in interior design course should pick up a Bachelors degree in Interior Design first before they opt for an interior designers license.

Interior design degrees are extremely important and so is the knowledge of CAD software which is all about Computer Aided Design. Both are equally necessary for the new interior designers. People hiring interior designers prefer to opt for people who have graduated and people who can handle modern technological requirements such as CAD because not only are they cost effective but they save people a lot of time too.

At this time the online interior design degree is the most popular learning option for people who want to get the degree, it is especially more popular with the use of CAD software. Because of the benefits that the internet affords you can get across to a wider student population across the entire world.

Interior designers must be smart and imaginative at the same time in order to use the small amount of interior space that is available in most large cities of the world. What an interior design degree provides is that it gives the student the knowledge and the practical experience to cope with the different demands and requirements that a busy interior designer constantly has to cope with.

An interior design degree is the primary step in establishing a career in the field of interior design. The development of your natural talent and creativity means getting the right training as well as the necessary education. In order to become a force in the field of global interior design it is always essential that you have the requisite formal degrees from a college that offers interior design degrees and qualifications.

Successful graduates in the field of interior design will employ their creativity and imagination in order to design homes for people as well as corporate establishments and order institutes of commerce. Designers will make use of the knowledge of different types of color as well as basic studies in the fields of architecture and creative design in order that they create beautiful interiors and work areas at the same time.

Interior design degree programs focus on sharing and teaching skills in various areas of graphic drawing, construction technology, color theory and space planning. Students will focus on learning the different aspects of design from the technical and the creative as well. Certain other important aspects including the elements that concern human beings and aspects of interior decorating, other aspects of building safety and information about the different necessary requirements for design. You can visit to find out more information on interior design education.

Whenever you're looking for an interior design degree program to study, try to find out if the institution has lecturers and academic staff who are quite knowledgeable in the industry. Anyone studying in the field of interior design should try to get the best world class training available.

Interior Design Degree

Earning an Interior design degree is becoming one of the more popular degrees offered by accredited colleges and universities. At this time, Interior design is regulated in 24 states. Thus if you are interested in entering the world of interior design it is highly recommended that you earn a bachelors degree in Interior Design before applying for your interior designers license.

Not only is an interior design degree extremely important, knowledge of CAD software (computer-aided design) is equally important for the new interior designer. Employers prefer the graduate who can navigate the modern technologies because it is time saving and highly cost effective.

Earning an online interior design degree is very much in vogue, thus the emphasis on the CAD software. Due to the advent of the internet, more and more schools are reaching out to students from around the world.

Interior designers must be intelligent and creative in order to economize the limited amount of space available in some of the world's larger cities. An interior design degree will provide the student with the knowledge and practicality in order to meet the ever-changing demands placed on the busy interior designer.

Clearly, an interior design degree is the first step in building your career in interior design. To develop your natural talent and creativity you need the proper training and education. To become established in the interior design world you must have a formal college interior design degree.

The successful interior design degree graduate will use their creativity to design private homes, corporate offices, retail stores and restaurants. The designer will use their knowledge of color, architecture and creative design to create beautiful living and work spaces.

Interior design degree programs teach skills in graphic drawing, color theory, interior finishing, and space planning and construction technology. Students will learn all aspects of the technical, creative and even the human element factors in interior decorating and design. Building codes and safety factors are also covered in depth.

When researching an interior design degree program find out whether the school offers knowledgeable industry professionals as instructors. You want to learn from the best! Another important factor in choosing a school is whether or not the school offers online training as well as in class training. That way you may be able to study on your own time, which many of today's students require.

Interior design degree programs teach the student the historical perspectives of human environment, interior design practices and the techniques of working with interior design professionals along with the responsibilities and ethics that go along with the profession.

Great Free Online Resources For Interior Designers

Who doesn't love free design information? Recently in one of the groups we belong to in LinkedIn, the CEO of Mudpie Design (a trend forecasting company) posted a great discussion. "Great resources for designers - Free!" This inspired us to take some websites from this discussion and add some of our own favorites to help designers and furniture manufacturers looking for freebies. This first list of a 2-part series is websites. Next month we will feature the top home furnishing blogs.


Why not look at the past to predict the future! 1stDibs is an antique website, focusing on high-end antique furniture, home decor, lighting, and has now added fashion and jewelry. We're constantly amazed by this website, and there is no harm in getting inspiration from 70 year-old designs that are surprisingly on trend for 2010! Also, we recommend subscribing to their newsletters. The writers at 1stDibs have fantastically interesting comments on different styles and how interior designers should use them today.


The name pretty much says it all. This website has some of the best looking modern furniture, lighting, and home decor, on the web. The site's design and feel are fun, and the editors are constantly adding new modern products. Also be sure to visit their Design Blog, which is also a fantastic source for wildly creative ideas in home furnishings. They have "Eco Friendly" and "Made in the USA" product sections, and a newsletter + RSS Feeds.


Home Portfolio is the largest database for home furnishing suppliers in the USA. This site is simple to navigate, featuring all types and styles of home furnishings to help interior designers find the right furniture for their products ( customers?). It works like an online catalog and is really simple to use.


Trendir is a Home Decorating Trends Magazine. The Trendir Interiors website has fantastic posts; and although they call themselves "modern" interiors, they also feature some beautiful traditional home furnishings. They cover all items for the home, from bathroom hardware to outdoor living, and also cover architecture and appliances.


The popular fashion magazine has made it easy for web users to dig through their past stories and images of products. The website features images from both Elle Decor and Metropolitan Home. Users can view great designs in the "Room Finder" and select the type and style of home. Home Furnishings can be found in the "Decorate" tab, and housewares are in the "Entertain" tab. Also, the blogs on this site are good: Savvy/Chic, Design Daily, Word on Modern Style, I on Design, Stylemonger, and Deal of the Day.


This website focuses on ground-breaking design. Probably more for interior designers and architects, we think that everybody will enjoy the products, buildings, and fashion concepts these guys bring to a fun-to-use website. The most relevant area is the "Design" section, which can be found on their navigation menu. This site tends to feature the bright and exotic and is really fun.

Another modern design focused retail website is Inmod. The coolest feature here is the "Design Your Own". You can design your own pillows and bedding! Overall, this site very is similar to 2modern, and they have a blog, newsletter, and RSS feed. If you like modern, this site is a must see...

TODL.COM (Trade Only Design Library)

The Trade Only Design Library is another large database of products for home decor, furniture, and housewares. This site is operated by the same company that sets up the HD Expo in Las Vegas, for hospitality and commercial furnishings. While you cannot normally view this website if you enter directly, if you click this link to Hopitality Design, I have found a secret way to access the website!

Dwell is a modern home magazine (print) but they also have a great website. It has a dedicated product section, which allows users to select what to view by product category, ranging from clocks to wall coverings.

Long one of the most prestigious architecture and home design inspiration magazines (print), Architectual Digest now has a decent website that allows free access to the design features and beautiful images that have kept this magazine on the shelves for almost 90 years! It is not as easy to navigate products on this site, as it shows the latest stories as features, but if you type in the name of the room or type of furniture into the search box, you should come up with some nice design concepts.

Interior Design's History

The Egyptian and Roman Era

There is plenty of evidence that interior design was of great importance to the Egyptians and Romans. Obviously, at this point in the history of interior design, it was limited only to the wealthy. The proof of this period in the history of interior design is in the architecture and in the various records that have been uncovered. The Egyptians, for instance, left us lavishly decorated tombs of the pharaohs, which were intended both as a final resting place and as a way to supply the comforts needed by the pharaoh in the next life.

The Romans left us evidence that their rooms were carefully planned around the way that each room was to be used. This is a key part of modern interior design. Wealthy Romans, for instance, created separate living rooms for summer and winter seasons. These were designed for optimal comfort during either the warm and cold months. There are indications that both the Romans and the Egyptians did take some care to partake in interior decorating as well, which is another important feature in interior design.

The Era of the Renaissance

The next major expansion in the history of interior design came in the Italian Renaissance. It's during this era when all arts experienced a surge in popularity, with wealthy patrons readily supporting the arts with their finances. It was especially during this time that interior decorating and interior design began to more closely resemble what we know of it in later years in the history of interior design. Rooms began to be designed with function and form in mind. Some of the most prominent examples were the lavish interior designs of the palace at Versailles, which continues today as an prime example of royal decadence. Still at this time in the history of interior design, such things were completely out of reach of the common people.

Interior Design in the Industrial Revolution

The transformation in the history of Interior Design that opened it up to the common man was the Industrial Revolution. This massive change made cheaper goods possible for home decoration as well as created an economic revolution in the United States. Now middle-class families had expendable income to put toward extra expenditures such as interior design. During this time, interior design magazines came into vogue and the profession of interior designer took hold, and now is its own industry by the start of the 21st century. Essentially, the history of interior design has been shaped through the decades and centuries by artistic, economic, and technological revolutions throughout history.

Searching For An Interior Design Job

Use your interior design education to get that interior design job that you covet. If you have ever looked at a room or living space and felt that, you could make it more livable and attractive then maybe interior design is for you.

If you have a flair for creativity and are not afraid to express your ideas then an interior design job is just what you need. However, you cannot just go get a design job. You need the proper educational background to get your foot in the door of the industry. Once you have the interior design degree or diploma then you will be taken more seriously.

There are many top design schools in North America. Not only that but there are many online interior design schools as well. Design schools will help you unleash your creativity and show you how to use color, style, fabrics, accessories, lighting, paint and furnishings that reflect your personality and the personality of your clients.

If you are not specifically looking for an interior design job but would rather start your own Interior Design company, you are still going to need a proper education in Interior Design. An education will provide you with skills and confidence that you will need in pursuing your career in the exciting and challenging world of Interior Design.

Enrolling in an Interior Design program really has no prerequisites except basic artistic and creative ability. If you feel that attending school is just out of the question due to family or work commitments consider taking an online interior design program that lets you interact with instructors and other students on your own time. It is a great way to further your education to get that dream interior design job.

There is more to interior design than just decorating a room, which is essentially interior decorating. Interior Design is more of a process of drawing on the environment, architecture and product design. Interior decorating is more along the lines of simply decorating a living space. Interior Designers are professionally trained in the art of Interior Design.

To get that dream interior design job it also helps immensely if you have contacts in the field. If you are just starting out, consider volunteering at a large design firm to get valuable experience and a chance to make some contacts in the interior design industry.

When you are searching for your interior design job, do you have an idea or preference as to what area of design you would like to get into? Would you prefer residential or commercial? It is thought that commercial is a more lucrative area of interior design. Alternatively, would a more specialized area of design like healthcare or restaurant design be more interesting for you?

With the increase in the aging of the population, there is a need for more care and living spaces for the elderly. This could be an area of rapid growth for the interior designer, thus keep this in mind when searching for your interior design job.

To get started on your interior design career, enroll in an accredited Interior Design school today. Once you've graduated you are well on your way to your dream interior design job.

Interior Design Considerations For Improving Office Productivity

Companies often look for ways in which they can assist employees do their jobs better to increase productivity and therefore the bottom line. However, one area which isn't explored enough by businesses is the space in which the work is carried out - the architecture, furniture and interior design of an office can have a profound effect on the people working within it.

One such example is the offices of Interpolis, a large insurance company, in Tilburg, Holland. By redesigning the 7000 square metre space, productivity increased by 20 per cent and sick leave was reduced from nine per cent to just two and a half.

Although the cost of employing an interior design company is not as great as many may think, it is beyond some companies' reach, especially to completely redesign such a large space like Interpolis' offices. Therefore, a leading European design house has here detailed two specific areas to consider when redecorating or remodelling your company's work space.

Consider the activities that are undertaken - by primarily focusing on the jobs that the work force do you may find that it's not necessary for an employee to sit at the same desk all day, every day. Offering an environment that is the most suitable for specific tasks helps to make the worker be more comfortable and will often enable them to do that job quicker and to a high standard. For example, sometimes colleagues work together on tasks, so is a set desk layout conducive to this type of collaborative work? Brainstorming sessions or meetings could be carried out in a space that is more relaxed, resulting in higher creativity levels, whilst for activities that require a lot of concentration could be better undertaken in an explicitly quiet zone.

Consider the psychology of colour - because colour travels in waves from the sun and the energy from light is absorbed through the eyes it stimulates certain glands, which in turn control some of the body's systems. Therefore, the colour of an environment can affect mood and impact on the ability to undertake a task. Bright oranges, reds and pinks are stimulating colours that can increase ones heart rate so these would not be good colours to use if the task in hand requires calmness. Whilst yellow is a warm colour, it is strenuous to the eye due the light it reflects and can create frustration; it may not be the right colour for a collaborative space or one that employees would use for prolonged periods. Blue is often used in offices because it is serene and research has shown that people are more productive in rooms decorated in blue. Pink is calming for during initial exposure and greens can be stress relieving.

Is an Interior Design Career Right For Me? - And Where Do I Start?

"How do I get into Interior Design?" There's no one-size-fits-all answer (thankfully!). Few careers require such a unique blend of artistic and technical skills, but Interior Design comes in enough flavors to suit diverse skill sets and personalities.

In General, the profession falls into two distinct categories: Interior Decorating and Interior Design. They are both completely viable avenues and there are many professionals with successful careers in each.

"Interior Decorating": If you prefer residential interiors, and enjoy focusing on furnishings and decor rather than space planning and codes, there are many satisfying and profitable options to explore and Interior Decorating may be your perfect fit. College is not Required, ( but you need to be aware of the laws regulating the practice of ID in your state). Some great options: Decorating for individual home owners, home staging, interior re-design, working within a design/decorating firm or on your own, working for or with builders preparing model homes, or apartment/condo/townhome leasing companies to name a few.

So how do I get there?? - As with anything, the key to your success will be your motivation and commitment! The more you are willing to put in the more you will achieve. The most straight forward way to start is to take classes at a university or community college, but if you aren't in a position to go to school right now, there are still some very practical steps you can take. The Hardest Part is Just Getting Started - SO......GET STARTED!!! There are many paths, but here's a suggested 6-step Action Plan to get you going:

  1. Self-Study - not an online degree (Avoid those completely for Interior Design), but rather to use the available free and low cost resources in a focused, disciplined, and intentional way in order to familiarize yourself with design concepts and to develop practical skills. These resources will not, of course, replace a university degree... but they will help you to explore real issues and topics which designers face on a daily basis (not the 'fluff' seen on TV and in magazines). Some of these skills can legitimately be included on a resume as you seek entry-level design jobs in order to set yourself apart. This is a great first step for those anxious to get started towards their dream, but who can't yet leave an existing job... or for an at-home parent to learn skills on your own schedule...Some examples of free study options are: learn 3d modeling and rendering with Google Sketch-up; learn AutoCad basics - get a starter book, even buy it used, then download a 30 day Acad trial; There are some well done free CEU opportunities aimed at Architects and Designers, but you don't have to be a professional to take them...
  2. Read - Read anything that catches your interest involving Design. This can be library books, grocery store magazines, websites, etc... Fluff is OK here; just absorb all you can about trends, opinions and beautiful design, just keep it in its place and don't let this consume all your time.
  3. Work with a purpose -Secure your first job in a design related area while continuing steps 1 and 2. This may be something you do just a few hours a week in addition to an existing job or while a spouse is home with the kids - be creative and be flexible! this is just a stepping stone!
  4. Build your Resume' and Portfolio
  5. Make your move
  6. Keep Learning!

"Interior Design": Does this sound more like you? Most of the designers and architects I've known are a unique blend of contradicting characteristics. Most have strong creative/artistic components (obviously), but usually also have a keen ability to solve problems and make order out of chaos in three dimensional space. We are usually less thoroughly 'rightbrain' than our artist friends, having varying (often high) degrees of affinity for numbers, science, and geometry. If this sounds familiar, Interior design might be your perfect fit.

Interior design includes the subset of decorating of course, but goes further. More and more in this competitive environment it's expected that an individual working under the title of "Interior Designer" has at least an associate's degree (with Bachelor's preferred) and has a certain minimum of work experience; many states have some form of licensing requirement. Regardless of your state's requirements, it is difficult to be competitive in the field without the accepted qualifications especially if you want to work on commercial projects or with an architectural firm. Steps To Become an Interior Designer:

  1. Achieve a combination of Education and work experience, as prescribed by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation (CIDA). There are (at the time of this writing) 5 'routes' to choose from in order to qualify to sit for the NCIDQ general,the more design related education you have, the fewer years of work experience is required
  2. Pass the NCIDQ exam...
  3. Register with your state (if required).

Do You Know What Interior Design Work Is?

Interior design begins with a style and a color palette. From there, furniture, flooring, window furnishings, rugs, architectural detailing and other features are added to improve functionality and build upon theme. Often a commercial professional in this field will be employed pre-construction to ensure than windows, stairwells, escalators, walkways and rooms are located in optimal places. To become an interior designer, one must obtain a Bachelor's Degree and participate in several years of apprenticeship work.

When a professional interior designer gets started, he or she begins by assessing the client's wants and needs. They examine budgets, look at lifestyle, scrutinize the home for wasted space, seek color or style preferences and identify pros and cons of the current interior space.

Next, the designer will estimate the costs and create a design image with computer-aided interior design software. After presenting the proposal, the client will either approve or deny the sketches. Then it is either time to implement the project or "go back to the old drawing board," as they say.

There are several different realms for professionals in this field to focus their sights. For instance, some designers work at furniture, home or garden stores selling merchandise and recommending color and theme options. Other times, interior designers may run their own businesses as consultants, with administrative assistants onboard to order samples, liaise with contractors and draw up documents.

Some designers focus on office interior design or commercial interior design, while others specialize in custom designs for individuals or realtors trying to stage homes for sale. Special certification may be acquired for kitchen or bathroom design. Other designers may be masters of acoustics and soundproofing, security, home theaters, home spas or gardens.

According to the latest Bureau of Labor Statistics data, the average annual income for interior design professionals is around $42,260. The middle 50% earned between $31,830 and $57,230, with the lowest 10% earning $24,270 and the highest percentile earning over $78,760. Architectural and engineering designers earned the highest salaries, with specialized interior design services right behind. Furniture stores and building supply dealers garnered most of the lower salaries. The income a professional interior designer makes largely depends upon the years of experience, specialization, reputation and employer.

Interior Design Education

Interior design education programs provide training and skills in a variety of disciplines in relation to the fascinating field of interior design. An interior design education allows prospective interior designers to determine a client's needs, draft aesthetic design concepts that are both functional and in accordance with standards and codes, present final designs for approval, and partner with other professional services (e.g., electrical, mechanical, etc.) to enhance the functionality and quality of interior living spaces.

In a vocational school, students can gain a professional education in architecture, basic engineering, computer aided design (CAD), textiles, drawing, ergonomics, furniture design, perspective and spatial planning.

Many postsecondary schools that offer an interior design education will award degrees or professional certificates. Upon successful completion, graduates can go on to an apprenticeship program, after which they may take a national licensing exam from the NCIDQ (National Council Interior Design Qualification) to become a certified, licensed or registered Interior Designer. (Licensing requirements and titles may vary from state to state.) In addition, many professionals will seek continuing education courses to maintain licensure.

A quality arts and design education enables the graduate to work in several design industries, including architecture, engineering, fashion, furniture manufacture, and other related design fields. Of course, the professional interior designer with an advanced interior design education may opt to become an entrepreneur and create their own line of products and/or services for consumers and commercial markets. While earnings vary depending on level of training and experience, salaries may be as high as $70,000 or more annually.

If you are interested in the creative field of interior design, apply to vocational schools, colleges and universities offering interior design education today!

To find out more about Interior Design Education [] and Interior Design Schools, you can find more in-depth information and resources on our website.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERAL OVERVIEW and may or may not reflect specific practices, courses and/or services associated with ANY ONE particular school(s) that is or is not advertised on

Copyright 2007 - All rights reserved by, in association with Media Positive Communications, Inc.

Notice: Publishers are free to use this article on an ezine or website, provided the article is reprinted in its entirety, including copyright and disclaimer, and ALL links remain intact and active.

Interior Design by Color

For the last several days, I've been  focusing on color...what are the trends in interiors for 2011? What are the fashion experts saying? (I have to confess, I have a new client that has hired me to assist her with, among other things, the interior paint in her new home. Not that I haven't study the theory of color and know how it plays into interior design but as a professional, I try to stay abreast of what may be available for my clients, hence the sudden research into what's "hot" right now.)

All of the sources provide a great deal of what we use in our interiors and also what we wear; interior color and fashion are directly correlated and strongly affect our everyday lives. Interesting thing is, they all have somewhat different predictions of what the newest trend in color will be. From Benjamin Moore to Farrow & Ball to Pantone to Sherwin Williams to Architectural Digest and Veranda...I studied there predictions and here's my take:

What I have confirmed, is that color, specifically that of which is used in home interiors, makes a resurgence from the past...everyone knows that fact. Who would have ever thought, as an example that peach-tones and avocado-tones would be back? Perhaps these colors aren't on the "hot" list for 2011 but they have certainly been popular, especially for those whom decorate in the nostalgic. Nonetheless, my point is this: no matter what the trends may dictate (although I personally appreciate the studies and development of new shades), I believe we should color our world with what makes us happy, comfortable, energized, confident and true...whatever the mood we wish to create. Whether in our clothes, color on our walls or upholstery, what appeals to one may not appeal - or be popular - for all.

Many years ago, I sold high-end retail clothing at a very upscale boutique. I'll never forget a middle-aged woman who desperately wanted to wear the clothing but felt the "style" too young for her age. My advice to her was to wear whatever she felt comfortable in...whether or not the current "fad" agreed. Therefore, I encouraged her to hold herself in confidence and show her personality. Lesson: don't limit yourself to what others's much too boring!

Very much the same thing goes with your interior design: don't limit yourself to what may or may not be the trend. Interior design is, and should be for the individual interior space in which you live. Pick up any magazine and you'll see multiple interiors designed in multiple ways...everyone has a different take on what is beautiful. The goal of a good professional interior designer is to interpret what the client wishes, not to impress upon them your taste or style.

So...this brings me to what the experts say is the trend for 2011, because I believe everyone should be knowledgeable. Check out the websites of Benjamin Moore, Sherwin Williams, Pantone, Architectural Digest and Veranda, regarding color and interior design. I do love the colors but remember, if they don't appeal to you, so what? Use your comfort indicator...your gut feeling.

A Brief Guide to Becoming an Interior Designer - Information For an Aspiring Designer

The world of an interior designer is filled with opportunities for creativity, handling of multiple projects at any one time, and meeting and working with different types of people. However, a common misconception about interior design is that it is a glamorous profession where all you need to do is match colors and fabric. Nothing could be farther from the truth.

Interior designers are expected to know not only color and fabric but also elements of architecture, engineering, building and contract language. A knowledge of electrical facilities and placements is also important as a professional designer will need to plan the layout of the room even before the room has been physically constructed. Courses in salesmanship and marketing are also important as you will need to sell your work to prospective clients. As such, interior design is a very specialized field which requires specific qualifications and not just an 'eye' or 'flair' for color or knowledge of fabric.

The first and probably the more obvious requirement to become an interior designer is an accepted degree. Here, it is important that the interior design student applicants look for colleges or institutions that are accredited to the governing body. This way, they get the best out of their courses and also obtain credible qualifications which look impressive enough for them to have a head start in job hunting.

As interior design is not just about color and fabric, an awareness or qualifications in architectural drawing, mechanical engineering and like-minded areas cannot be stressed enough. It is important that training on 'industry standard' interior design software is taken up as a part of the degree wherever possible. A working knowledge of design software used in the industry is a very valuable skill and can guarantee you a better graduate salary.

Gaining experience through internships is a good way of adding professional knowledge to your resume. Also look out for opportunities to design for friends and neighbors who can later provide positive references to add to your resume. Another effective way of increasing your chances of successfully finding employment after graduating is by building a portfolio.

And finally, whilst studying for your degree and also when you become an interior designer, always continue to learn and keep aware of the latest trends by participating in trade shows, looking through websites and interior design magazines.

Interior Designing That Makes Sense

For those looking for a fabulous job who might have an understanding of architectural elements, interior designing just might be the place to look. You can not only use your knowledge and understanding of architecture, but you can put your creative skills to good use. Those who go into the field of interior design are typically required to have a four year degree in interior design, but those in interior decorating usually only require certification. Interior design is more complex and involved than interior decorating, and many organizations might require their designers to get other certifications or accreditations beyond their degree.

Whether you are self-employed, employed at a large design firm, or employed at a tiny company, there are many opportunities in this field. Those working in interior design industry that are self-employed make up a little more than ¼ of all interior designers. You typically work under a tight schedule with deadlines and budgets to follow. You might also be required to travel to different clients or offices. This job typically pays pretty well with the median income of designers in 2006 being a little over $42,000. The earnings can vary widely, however, based on things like reputation, experience, and your employer.

Since shows like Trading Spaces have become so popular, there are now several other show on television highlighting interior design and interior decorating. Many people don't realize that they are different. Interior decorating typically involved quick renovations that are relatively easy and less involved with the structure of the space. Designers do much more than that. They take the entire building into consideration and design the entire space with a style or theme. They not only change the paint, but they might build something else into the room so you get the best possible way to utilize that space. Everything is taken into account so you as the customer get exactly what you want.

Technology has dramatically altered the way designers work. Much of the traveling has been eliminated by the use of computers and virtual makeovers. Those working on the interior design of the space can now send their clients the e-mail of their project so they can see exactly what the space will look like when the project is completed. There is no more guesswork involved. The client simply looks at the computer model and works with the designer to change whatever they want before anything is even started. This is truly a useful tool that satisfies both the designer and the customer.

Famous Interior Designers and Their Styles in Interior Design - Part 1


This series of 4 articles takes a brief but informative look at 21 of the most famous and Interior Designers, from the earliest pioneers right through to the most celebrated modern day designers.

The Pioneers of Interior Design

Jean-Henri Jansen (1854-1928)

Dutch designer, Jean-Henri Jansen, launched one of the first ever international interior design companies 'Maison Jansen' (House of Jansen) in 1880, which became renowned for designing and creating exceptionally beautiful and high quality furniture which would be utilized in a multitude of interior decoration projects. House of Jansen opened branches in 8 of the major cities of the world. Jansen worked closely with the talented interior designer Stephane Boudin whom he made director of the company. The clients of House of Jansen included Royalty and the rich and famous.

Elsie de Wolfe (1865-1950)

The first lady of interior decoration, Elsie de Wolfe considered herself an 'ugly child'. This Victorian stage actress was a rebel of her times and was credited by many to be the inventor of the modern profession of interior design, even though there were already established interior designers in her time. Elsie disliked Victorian tastes altogether, her designs were therefore generally made up of light and bright colors, contrary to the drab and gloomy Victorian décor coupled with unnecessary excesses such as heavy velvet draperies. This was a pioneering departure from the contemporary designs of the time. Elsie's influence continues to be felt in the modern world of interior design.

Ogden Codman (1863-1951)

American interior decorator and architect, Ogden Codman spent his childhood in his birthplace of Boston before heading to France in his youth for a period of time. Codman had two uncles who influenced him tremendously - architect John Hubbard and decorator Richard Ogden. Some of Ogden Codman's works include Edith Wharton's Newport home, Land's End, the Rockefeller family estate of New York client John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and the Newport summer home of Cornelius Vanderbilt II. Along with novelist Edith Wharton, Codman co-authored a guidepost of American interior design, 'The Decoration of Houses' in 1897.

Frances Elkins (1888-1953)

Born in Milwaukee, Frances Adler Elkins was one of the most prominent interior decorator and designer of the previous century. Sister of the famed Chicago architect David Adler, Elkins was known for her futuristic designs that brought together different styles and elements from various periods. They included country French styles, chinoiserie and art deco. The furnishings featured in her designs included designers such as Jean-Michel Frank and Alberto Giacometti. The career of Elkins that spanned over three decades is glittered with many high profile commissions in Hawaii, the Midwest and northern and southern California, none more interesting than the restoration of the 1830s structure, Casa Amesti in Monterrey, California.

Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)

Frank Lloyd Wright was an interior designer and architect whose career included more than 1000 projects, 500 of them that have been complete. Wright was known for his promotion of organic architecture, an example of which is Fallingwater. The Robie House is an example of Wright's leadership of the Prairie School architectural movement, while the Rosenbaum House depicts Wright's Usonian home concept. Wright also had refreshing ideas for every kind of building, be it church, office, school, hotel or museum. Along with excellent architectural renderings, Wright also designed much of the interiors of his buildings including the Décor, layout and furniture.

What Does an Architect Do Versus an Interior Design Firm?

Many people who are considering doing some redecoration are forced to make the decision whether to hire an architect or an interior design firm. The truth is, these two careers can overlap in many ways, but there are some important differences. Before making a decision which type of professional to hire you should determine your needs and do some research to find out what kind of professional would serve you best.


An architect is an individual who is trained and licensed in the planning and designing of buildings who also supervises the construction. Architects are responsible for adhering to public safety and building codes, so a license is required to practice architecture. Generally, architects award their building projects to general contractors who complete the building process under the supervision of the architect.

Interior Design Firm

Interior design involves applying creative and technical solutions to a building or structure to achieve the desired interior environment. These solutions are both functional and aesthetic serving to enhance the quality of life of the inhabitants and to be aesthetically attractive. The design process involves research and planning in addition to the integration of design knowledge in order to satisfy the needs of a client. Interior designers draw upon the concepts of product design, architecture, and environmental psychology in order to create the atmosphere and design the client wishes to achieve.

The difference between an architect and an interior design firm can be simplified so much as to say that architects work with building structure and interior designers work with building decoration. The lines are not always so well-defined, however. Many architects also possess design degrees and many interior designers are also trained in the disciplines of architecture. Depending on the project, hiring a professional who possesses both qualifications may be exceedingly useful. Projects which involve extensive redecorating or construction may require the license and legal knowledge of an architect in addition to the design knowledge of an interior design firm. The answer to the question of what an architect does versus what an interior design firm does cannot always be answered simply because in many cases, these professionals are capable of the same things.

Color Harmony For Rooms - Pale Pink in Interior Design Gives Heavy Architecture a Delicate Elegance

There are certain hues that very often trigger totally opposite responses. One of these is a delicate, pale pink. Some perceive the color as soft and sensuous, others as weak and boring. In interior design, this hue is often only allowed to reside in the bedroom.

However, there are some architects and interior designers who realize the potential of this delicate hue. A good example of this in my home town, in the Alte-Pinakothek-Museum in Munich. It has a very long corridor-like flight of steps leading up to the next floor. The passage is very narrow, extremely high, totally out of proportion and windowless. If it had been painted in white, this long, arched passage would have been daunting to use. However, the architect responsible for the restoration of this old building cleverly had the passage painted with a very delicate, slightly grayed pink. Even the steps are made of marble in this hue. The result is most encouraging. You almost feel as though you are being carried up the steps. The color scheme has totally counteracted the oppressive feeling.

By using this delicate color, the architect understood how to make the heavy architecture look far lighter by applying an opposite form of energy. By the way, in a room where machines make considerable noise, a delicate shade of pink can help to give the impression that it is quieter than reality. This is actually a very Eastern way of designing: adding counteracting energies to create balance: yin with yang, heaviness with lightness, fluidity with solidity.

The tendency to give a color a one-sided attribute can prevent it being used to its advantage. Even a delicate color can look very powerful depending on the task, on contrasts and on the environment. When we dislike a color, we concentrate on its negative aspects. The color psychologist, Dr. Heinrich Frieling, notes that those who reject a pale pink do not want to appear sensitive or sentimental. However, those who appreciate this hue are often extremely intuitive and subtle in their perception. You can use a pale pink for your clothings too. Just as it softened the tough, sturdy architecture, it will remind you to soften up now and again when you are facing tough situations.

Library Interior Design Speaks of Serenity


The key ingredient in all library interior design is serenity. An area that is conducive to studying and reading should be the first and foremost consideration in library interior design. Comfort is a consideration as well, but not the main emphasis. You don't want to make someone so comfortable that they want to camp out in library and say, take a nap. Because if they are too comfortable, they might be tempted to fall asleep. Unfortunately, sleepy patrons tend to frequent libraries much too often. Bright color schemes and good lighting will help eliminate a few of the more exhausted patrons. In general, however, the focus in Library interior design is on the gentle atmosphere.

Key Elements of Library Design

The first step when designing a library interior will be for the designer to speak to the staff in order to determine the needs of the library. They need to learn if there are any specific elements that must taken into consideration. For instance, is it a study library, a reading library, a children's library or a combination? The designer must become familiar with the needs and wants of the client before launching into a design project. It will be advisable to research the history of the library, the people flow and percentage of ethnic groups.

Library interior designers, as with all designers nowadays, are required to be sure that every design they execute is handicap accessible. Color scheme and layout will be next on the list of elements to be devised. After these have been chosen, then the designer moves to the selection of furniture, fabric, carpet, lighting and accessory manufacturers. The main furniture and accessory components in library interior design will include moveable shelving, reading tables, case goods, computer furniture, book stacks, seating, four-post shelving and book detection systems.

If a certain atmosphere is to be interwoven with the library interior design, then the colors, case goods, carpeting, lighting and some of the furniture will need to be incorporated into the design of the library interior. Of course, if the library design and architecture interior design you are creating is in a home, the overall concept will be totally different than a public or a corporate library. It is immensely easier for any interior designer to be able to design a library interior from scratch with a new and empty structure than to refurbish an existing one. However, a highly-skilled and talented interior designer will find library interior design stimulating no matter how that project comes about.

Interior Design Knows No Boundaries

Interior design concepts are infinite. If you can visualize it, you can make it happen. With just two coats of new paint, a Persian rug, or furniture rearrangement, many homes can be magnificently transformed; however, other homes may require a complete architecture interior design. No matter how much you want to do, an expert interior designer will arrive with all the required tools.

Simple, clean designs are the hallmark of modern interior design. They combine intense lines and muted colors with basic white and stainless steel. Hanging light fixtures that emit dim light are typically used. Items are discretely hidden away in secret storage bins that blend in with the interior. The furniture of choice can be changed, shifted, bent, and reattached to suit a variety of functions. Attractive to persons who adore modern design are windows that are large and rooms reminiscent of cityscapes. While some people may find it to be too sterile, others like its fresh and crisp design.

Architecture interior design changes with the times. A separate wing for the bedrooms, open floor plans for families to interact, and generally a better usage of space are what consumers are searching for in homes right now. Bathroom design is trending to a home spa ambiance with such amenities as dual-head shower stalls, double vanities, and whirlpools and/or saunas. Meanwhile, the newest designs for kitchens provide a fully working nook or a breakfast bar. Wild and bold colors are paired with big windows and high ceilings in modern living rooms. More creative designs will continue to be in our future.

Environmental, sustainable design stays very trendy, thanks to client demand, while architects seek out methods to not merely mix more recycled, environmentally friendly building materials into their creations, but also incorporate indoor-outdoor aspects to produce a more pleasurable environment. Innovative designs include features using indoor water, plant-life, natural lighting, and organic building materials, such as wood and stone. A popular theme is to make homes that are both visually appealing and very functional. Secret storage units, control panels, built-in shelves, and logical space usage are some of the interior design ideas to be aware of.

To have a career in architecture interior design, you have to finish a thorough program of schooling centering on architecture, structural systems design, cooling and heating systems, safety principles, sustainable expansion, specialized standards, and interior design services. There are many attitudes regarding interior design, some love classic beauty whereas others prefer the more edgy modern trend. Whatever their taste, a good architect interior designer has the knowledge and desire to find a way to create a space that pleases any client.

5 External Climatic Factors That Affect an Interior Design Project

Dear friends, the emergence of architecture in human society
has taken a wide and distinct role in itself. Starting from
early eras where man used to live in caves, we have seen a
remarkable growth in architecture and allied fields, which
includes landscape and interior design

The recent being the use of computers and "Computer Aided Design"
in architecture, which allows a kind of perfection in design
and execution process of any building and its interiors.

In spite of all the technological advances, the primary function
of any building structure remains the same, protection from
outside environment and natural calamities.

Starting from a place to "protect yourself' from nature, interior
design has become a "status symbol". Today's interior spaces have
a two way channel, first and the obvious one is the function and
second one is aesthetical, which is a little complex one.

It is quite obvious that the interior design of a space is directly
related to the function of the space. This means that two spaces
like a home and an office have two well defined functions, hence
it will reflect in every aspect of the interior design solution.

But apart from the there is one more important factor that
will affect each and every aspect of the final design solution,
and that's the geographical location of the architectural structure.

A hotel building at seashore and the other one at a hill station
will have a completely different sets of problems to deal with.
Lets see in a short way what are the external factors that can
affect an interior design solution

1) Amount of direct sunlight.

Locations on the far northern or southern hemisphere receive less
amount of sunlight than those at the equator. That's why here the
building with more use of plane glass are used. Also artificial
lighting is given much importance.

2) External temperature.

External temperature directly affects the comfort level of internal
spaces. Since external walls act as a "buffer" between internal
and external climate, it is necessary to use the right construction
material for walls. Depending upon the wall material the internal
finishes also have limitations. This is especially true for
structure that face extreme climatic ups and downs, such as
locations in the gulf countries.

Hence selecting materials that can sustain heavy climatic changes
on a daily scale is challenging.

3) Humidity and Rainfall.

Because of the salty nature of air around coastal areas extra care
is taken for building construction materials, which can directly
affect the entire budget of the project.

4)Wind Direction.

Wind direction and wind speed also has direct affect on the interiors.
Heavy winds exert a load on the external walls of the structure,
thus affecting the construction technology.

5)Land Structure and Topography.

Land structure is the nature of land on which the structure stands.
Various types of land structures include rock solid, marshy land,
etc...Topography of land is classified as plane or a site with slope.
If the site of the structure is on a hill slope, extra precautions
are taken to allow the natural flow of rainwater that the structure
might block. Depending upon the quality of land surface the construction
technology will change.

As far as interiors are concerned a well planned structure with
properly thought spaces is a must because internally the spaces
get divided into various floors.

From the above short discussion it can be said that external factors
and environment greatly affect the way structures are built and thus
directly affecting the interior qualities of the structure.

Technological advancements have allowed us to artificially control
the internal environment of a building irrespective of what's
happening outside. But a carefully studied and well planned
architectural space can easily cut the extra cost of air conditioning
and other ventilation services.

I hope this article was informative to everyone.

Copyright Shrinivas Vaidya

Where to Receive an Education For Interior Designers

Interior design is an extremely important element of decorating any home. Those with an eye for style and a good use of space can often help people to make their home look interesting and inviting. When considering a career as an interior designer, there are several different schools which offer good degree programs in the field.

The Art Institutes offer over 45 campuses across the United States, along with the opportunity for online education at the Art Institute of Pittsburgh-Online. Their Bachelor's Degree program helps students to become skilled in the use of technical problems in their field. They will learn the most important elements of interior design, like perspective and proportion to architecture and renovation. Graduates will be prepared to land entry-level positions in their field, such as space planner and interior designer or decorator.

Located in San Francisco, CA, the Academy of Art University offers an all encompassing program. They teach all necessary aspects of the field, like interior architecture, residential and commercial design, furniture design, color and lighting, and the history of interior design. Undergraduate and graduate programs alike are offered both on campus and online. Many of the professors at the Academy of Art University are professionals in their field, offering practical experience to students. Graduates from the programs have the opportunity to get hired at top name companies like Architecture International, Crate & Barrel, Architecture Planning Interiors, and Masco Contractor Services.

One of the largest interior design programs in the country can be found at the Design Institute of San Diego. When entering into this program, students will immediately become immersed in courses designed towards their field so that they can have four full years of practical experience. The interior design program helps students to create a strong base knowledge in the principles of design, drawing, and color. Students will learn to think critically about interior design issues and use creative expression in a practical and lucrative manner.

In Denver, CO, the Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design offers both on-campus and online educational opportunities. They have a year-round trimester schedule, giving students the opportunity to complete their degree within three years. Though each semester does have a full schedule of classes available, many students find that there is more individualized attention in the summer classes, allowing them to learn more easily. The Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design even offers savings for students studying full time on the trimester schedule. The interior design program will help students to develop the skills to become experts in their field.

Interior designers can be an integral part of building a new home, or just remodeling an old one. Anyone hiring a professional will want them to have expert knowledge in their field. Getting a degree in interior design is important for anyone aspiring to become an interior designer.

View Your Imaginations With the Help of 3D Interior Design

Have you ever wondered what it would feel like if we were able to totally redecorate and redesign our existing homes without having to buy raw materials? You would probably think how that is possible. It is possible using 3d interior design. It can be done within the comforts of your home by using a computer. These are especially helpful as one need not visit home improvement stores to choose the perfect design plan. There are a variety of uses of 3d presentation. Starting from the basics many a free websites offer basic features like pre-made templates, materials, textures, designs, and colors.

You simply select the room template that most matches the conditions you will be working with. There are also applications which allow you to experiment with furniture placement, lighting, wall colors, wallpaper, rugs, fixtures and more.

When it comes to the advantages of 3D interior design; there is a long list to cater to. It saves you tons of money in the long term which would have gone into experimenting with colors, doors, windows, walls etc. It is a lot of fun and will permit you the liberty to carry out some serious interior decorating without spending a penny. Another advantage is the scope it presents to experiment with your ideas and the only investment you put in is your time.

Proficient architect 3D services providers use 3D renderings for landscaping projects, floor designing, lighting effects, exterior designs and interior designs. When 3D interior renderings services are used appropriately, you will be receiving paramount house plans with greater precision. 3D interior designers are experts in creating visualized 3D architecture interiors rendering of residential and commercial buildings. They are highly advantageous as they proffer high class presentation, full project apparition, higher productivity, foretaste for interiors and exteriors and faultless models.

The various advantages of 3D rendering are as follows: -

• It presents manifold solutions for resolving design issues
• Offers pre visualization of fresh architectural designs
• Fly through and Walk through animated presentation
• Architectural plans from design to documentation

Rendering has a vital role to play in the improvement of architectural design and pre visualization. For architects, the chief rationale is to demonstrate how the future structure or interior room will look. So rendering has turned out to be an imperative process in selling of projects to buyers or designers. This technique presents precise creation to architects and designers.